Defence Turkey Dergisi tarafından Savunma Sanayii Müsteşar Yardımcısı Sayın Mustafa Şeker ile yapılan röportaj 14 Eylül 2015 tarihinde yayımlandı. "SSM to Form 2020’s Defence Industry Policy" başlıklı röportaj, Savunma Sanayii Müsteşarlığının 2020'li yıllara bakış açısıyla ilgili çok önemli detaylar içeriyor.
Bahse konu röportajdan İHA sistemlerini ilgilendiren önemli satır başlıkları aşağıda listelenmiştir.
- İHA sistemlerine olan ihtiyacın hızla artmaya devam edeceği ve halihazırda insanlı hava araçlarıyla icra edilen birçok uygulamanın İHA sistemleriyle yapılmaya başlanılacağı öngörülmektedir.
- Vizyonumuz, yurtiçi imkanları etkin bir şekilde kullanarak insansız savaş uçağı geliştirmektir.
- İHA sistemleri, Füze Teknolojisi Kontrol Rejimine (MCTR) tabidir. Bunların alt sistemlerinin yurt dışından tedarik edilmesi, insansız savaş uçağı geliştirmesine engel oluşturabilir. Bu nedenle, alt sistemlerin ve sensörlerin yurt içinde geliştirilmesi gerekmektedir.
- İHA sistemlerine yapılacak yatırımların katma değer yaratarak ülkemiz için önemli bir ihracat kalemi olacağı değerlendirilmektedir.
- İnsansız Hava Aracı (İHA) yol haritamızda ANKA projeleri kritik öneme sahiptir. Tedarik edilecek 10 adet ANKA İHA’sı ve ilgili yer sistemlerinin Mart 2017 ayında başlayacak teslimatları, 2019 yılında tamamlanacaktır.
- 2008 yılında başlatılan Hazır Alım Taarruzi İnsansız Uçak Sistemi tedarik projesi kapsamında, silahlı İHA satışına yönelik ihracat kısıtlamaları ile uluslararası politik durum nedeniyle sıkıntılar yaşadık. Bu nedenle, Nisan 2015 ayında yeni bir süreç başlatarak alternatif İHA sistemlerinin tespitine yönelik Bilgi İstek Dokümanını yayımladık.
- Stratejik ve Muharip sınıfı İHA Sistemleri, orta ve uzun vade vizyon projelerimizdendir. Geliştirme ve tedarik maliyetleri oldukça yüksek olan bu projeler, önemli teknolojik kabiliyetler ile oldukça fazla sayıda tecrübeli insan gücünü gerektirmektedir.Bu kapsamda; yurtiçi imkânlarımızın etkin bir şekilde kullanıldığı, “Eşit Ortak” prensibi doğrultusunda oluşturulan çok uluslu geliştirme programlarına katılıma sıcak bakıyoruz.
Defence Turkey Dergisinde Yayımlanan Röportajın İHA Sistemleriyle İlgili Kısımları
Defence Turkey: For the steady increase of Turkey’s defence industry exports and for competing with the world, the importance of investing in critical technologies with high added value is a key emphasis. From this viewpoint, what would you like to say regarding the investments made, the steps taken, incentives and the steps that are needed in the future term?
... The inventory of all critical sub-components procured from foreign countries and used at UAV systems has beenprepared. Domestic development studies were launched for certain sub-components. For the remaining systems, we are continuing our plans and preparatory work in order to initiate development programmes...
Defence Turkey: Considering the world average, which point do you think Turkey should be targeting in Aerospace and defence technologies, especially regarding critical technologies? Which areas and programmes do you think will be stepping into the forefront within the coming period?
... On the other hand, from the beginning of the 2000s, we believe that the development of the UAVs in the world and their operational utilization increased with a speed greater than expected and this development brought a new understanding to the military arena. It is foreseen that the existing trend would continue and the demand for UAV systems will be increasing. It is also envisaged that many applications conducted currently by manned air vehicles will be taken over by the UAV systems.
Today, many aviation authorities regard the F-35 aircraft that is being manufactured within the scope of Joint Strike Fighter (JSF) Project, as the last manned fighter jet and it is stated that with the launching of the sixth generation fighter jets, the pilots will no longer exist at the cockpit. Within this framework, our vision is to efficiently utilize domestic means and to develop an unmanned fighter jet.
As these UAV Systems are unmanned, they are evaluated as missiles and during export permit applications and they are subject to the agreement on the missile technologies controlling regime. Since the aforementioned case constitutes an obstacle on the path to the unmanned fighter jet, it also entails the domestic development of all components in sub-component level, sensors to be integrated and electronic systems. Considering the aforementioned points, developing a domestic engine that will supply power to the air vehicle will be inevitable.
In addition to the military UAV applications, it is predicted that the UAV’s will be utilized for a wide variety of civil purposes such as mainland security, border security, coastal security, detection of forest fires and fire-fighting, emergency actions, search/rescue and agricultural applications. Within such a big framework, we assess that the investments made in UAV systems will create added values and become an important export item for our country.
Defence Turkey: Could you please inform us on the current status of “Anka-S” programme with SATCOM (Satellite Community) capability that will enable long range operations, regarded as one of Turkey’s most important programmes? Will the aircrafts to be procured within the scope of this programme be in SAR configuration? Could you elaborate on this issue?
“Anka” projects bear critical importance as part of SSM’s Unmanned Air Vehicle (UAV) roadmap. SSM initiated our “Anka-S” Project in 2013 as a result of the achievements we gained within the scope of the “Anka Development Project” that we launched in 2004. As part of the project, 10 air vehicles with reconnaissance and surveillance purposes and their related ground systems will be developed and supplied. The delivery of the 10 “Anka” UAV’s and their related ground systems are to be supplied in accordance with the contract that will start in March 2017. The delivery of all systems is expected to be completed within 2019.
I would like to underline an important point at this stage. We identified the requirements of the “Anka-S” system by following the developments in the world and adding new capabilities to “Anka” UAV so that it would offer a more effective system to the TAF. Therefore, the “Anka-S” UAV system will additionally be containing control by satellite capacity (SATCOM) and crypto data link, national flight control computer and Aselsan “CATS” Electro-Optical Reconnaissance, Surveillance and Targeting Systems capabilities. There is no SAR useful load in the “Anka-S” Project but we presume that for the “Anka” systems that may be developed within the scope of other potential projects, of which we are currently conducting the preparatory work, SAR useful load may be in question.
Defence Turkey: How does the Direct Procurement of Armed Unmanned Aircraft system (UAS) proceed? What would you like to say regarding the companies that replied to the request for proposal, on the identified requirements and programme schedule?
We initiated our activities regarding the Direct Procurement of Armed Unmanned System in 2008. However, as aresult of export restraints on armed UAV sales and international policies, we had difficulty in actualizing the project. Within this framework, we initiated a new process in April 2015 and issued a Request for Information for identifying the alternative resources. We completed the examination of the proposals from a great number of UAV manufacturers. Following the current ongoing assessment process, we will determine the roadmap for the project and continue our activities accordingly.
Defence Turkey: Could you please enlighten us on your approach as the Undersecretariat for Defence Industries regarding the Turkish defence industry’s participation to the multi-national programmes for the unmanned aerial vehicle systems in line with the “Equal Partner” principle? Do you conduct negotiations with allied countries and major international companies within this scope?
Strategic and Combat UAV Systems are amongst our medium and long-term vision projects. These UAV systems require important technological capabilities and an experienced labor force in great numbers. Moreover, as these projects have significant development and procurement expenses, their feasibility must be accomplished beforehand.
Taking these points and other determining factors into consideration, we aim to actualize the procurement of the Strategic and Combat UAV Systems initially through utilizing national capacities. Within this scope, we lean toward participation with multinational development programmes in which our domestic capacities are utilized efficiently in line with the “Equal Partner” principle. We had many international negotiations to this end and we will continue our preparatory studies towards the aforementioned projects that require long term, in-depth studies and their procurement models.
Defence Turkey: Mr. Şeker, the request for proposals for the “Gözcü” UAV Systems Logistic Support Project, initiated for the five-year-long procurement of the Logistic Support requirement except for the user capabilities of the “Gözcü” UAV system procured within the scope of the 2. Lot TIHA (MALE) Direct Procurement Programme has been issued recently. Could you please inform us on the latest status of this programme?
“Gözcü” UAV system was procured from Israel in 2010 by TAI, as a main contractor. A significant part of this UAV system’s logistic support has been provided by TAI since 2012 and our contract within this framework will be ending soon. We initiated the open tender procedure for the uninterrupted logistic support for the “Gözcü” UAV system in April 2015. We received proposals from Turkish Technic and TAI companies and currently we are at the end of the proposal evaluation process. We are planning to announce the results soon and then initiate the negotiations for the contract.
Kaynak: Defence Turkey